How to prevent dry skin on your face, for baby & during pregnancy
How to prevent dry skin causes on your face, for baby & during pregnancy
Dry Skin & Its Causes
The causes of dry skin can be divided into External factors and Internal factors. Let us look at the causes of dry skin:
- Environmental i.e. Harsh weather conditions like heat and cold dry out the skin
- Soap can have a huge impact on dry skin as according to https://www.honestyforyourskin.co.uk/does-soap-dry-out-your-skin our skin is acid 4.2- 5.5 and most soaps are alkali. 9-12 once it is out of its PH it loses water and hydration fast.
- Soap contains a surfactant which means it can remove our natural sebum ie the natural oils. The more skin is scrubbed with soap and hard sponges or wash nets, the more oil is removed resulting in ……yes dry skin!
- Ingredients like parabens, triclosan, fragrance sulfates will also cause your face and body to have dry skin.
- Washing of hands and overuse of the hand sanitizers can cause dry and cracked skin
- Moisturisers, are designed to hydrate the skin. Products containing ingredients like lanolin, isopropyl alcohol, mineral oil, and or petroleum tend to sit on top of the skin and are not absorbent, so the skin tends to still feel tight and dry underneath.
- Hard water Minerals in hard water make it very difficult for your soap or shampoo to dissolve, This can encourage the use of more product, (to get a lather) which in turn means that when rinsing you will still be left with a residue of product on your skin. This can cause dry itchy, irritated skin,
- Family history of asthma. Eczema or atopic dermatitis increases the likelihood of experiencing dry skin conditions
- Eczema, psoriasis, and diabetes can lead to dehydration and consequently dries skin out
- It can be a reaction medication
- Ageing skin tends to become thinner and subsequently more prone to dryness, hormone changes have the same effect
- Poor diet and eating disorders, malnutrition causes dry skin
- Limit consumption of caffeinated drinks and alcohol
How to Prevent Dry Skin?
- Try to avoid bathing in hot water in order not to strip away natural oils
- Use nonbiological washing powder
- Drink 8 glasses of water per day to hydrate skin
- Healthy diet containing fish, eggs, fruits, vegetables which contain silica which helps moisture and elasticity of the skin
- Avoid moisturizers that are perfumed
- Apply moisturizer to damp skin rather than dry as it will help to seal and lock in the moisture better
- Use of Monshea ™Shea butter or Monshea ™shea oil naturally contains vitamins, essential fatty acids is hypoallergenic, possesses excellent moisturizing properties, and is suitable for Eczema and other dry skin conditions.
- Herbs like chamomile, peppermint can be mixed with hot water to make an internal dry skin preventative
Dry Skin in Babies
Baby skin is sensitive and can get dry. What can you do to help your baby’s skin from becoming dry?
Let’s start by looking at what helped baby skin from not being dry before they were born.
Dry skin in the Womb
When babies are born, we often see them covered with a white substance. This is called Vernix caseosa, it protects the babies from the amniotic fluid that surrounds the baby.
Amniotic fluid protects the baby in the womb, it helps control the baby’s temperature helps the baby to move its limbs and contains antibiotics too.
Vernix caseosa is a cheesy-looking creamy, greasy substance. Vernix is made from the sebaceous glands that produce oil in the second trimester, so it acts as a moisturizer.
This is what stops a baby’s skin from being dry in the womb.
After birth, it’s natural and moisturizing, plus antibacterial properties keep baby skin supple and hydrated, so even if you are squeamish The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends waiting at least 6 hours before wiping vermix off, baby. According to https://www.pampers.com/en-us/baby/newborn/article/vernix
This is an important consideration in the decision to avoid dry skin.
Baby dry skin after birth.
New-born babies go through many changes in the first few weeks of life.
One of them is adjusting to a drier environment outside the womb. Low and hot temperatures can cause bay skin to be dry. Other common causes that cause babies to have dry skin are like the ones that cause dry skin in adults.
Breastfeeding will help to stop babies from being dehydrated and obtaining dry skin as a result.
Short baths with lukewarm water are recommended. Use baby-friendly soaps, baby washes. Overexposure in water for babies can cause their skin to be dry.
Check the ingredients and avoid products with sulfates, parabens, alcohol, or perfume as these can dry baby skin.
Cradle Cap is a recognizable and common dry skin condition in babies. The large yellow or brown scales appear on the babies’ scalp or face.
The causes of cradle cap are not clear, but it is linked to the sebaceous glands which produce an oily substance called sebum.
Cradle cap can clear up in its own time, but you can gently wash babies' hair daily with a mild shampoo, you can follow it up with a moisturizing natural oil on the hair which will help loosen the crusty scales further.
I would recommend Olive oil or Shea oil. Try one here.
Causes of Dry Skin in Pregnancy
The skin may become drier during pregnancy due to surging pregnancy hormones which can make the skin produce more oil, leading to acne.
Attempting to resolve this by washing more often will contribute to having dry skin.
At times the contrast can also be the case when the hormones cause the skin to produce less oil which causes dry skin and lack of elasticity.
Dry skin can also occur in pregnancy when as a result of loss of body fluids. Pregnancy requires more fluids, as usual, to keep up with the increased blood supply (blood is over 50% water) and the developing baby's requirements, insufficient intake of fluids therefore can contribute to having dry skin.
Prevention of dry skin causes
General steps should be implemented to combat dry skin.
- Drinking 6-8 glasses of water per day
- Eat plenty of fruit and green leafy vegetables containing vitamin C, A, and proteins
- Use a mild soap or cleanser to bathe
- Use moisturizing oils that do not contain alcohol, perfumes, or petroleum-like Monshea ™ shea butter or Monshea™ Shea oil which improves the appearance of stretch marks and helps to lock moisture into the skin.